Routine Dental Work

A Denture is a Prosthodontic device which replaces missing teeth in the oral cavity. There is no need for you to get a denture if you take good care of your teeth and prevent subsequent tooth loss. The Dentures are custom made for the patients who have partial or completely missing teeth and classifying them on that basis, they are of two types: Complete and Partial Dentures.

There have been admirable advances in the field of Prosthodontics enabling production of dentures that feel, function and appear nothing but natural. They have appealing aesthetics too and you can avoid any possible embarrassment with the help of these modern dentures.

Root Canal Treatment

A Root Canal Treatment (RCT) is carried out to repair and restore a tooth which has been badly decayed or infected and comes under a branch of dentistry called as Endodontics. The RCT actually focuses towards elimination of any infection to the Pulp Chamber of the tooth.
Root Canal Treatment is the last option to save the tooth failing which the tooth has to be extracted. After the RCT the tooth is basically dead as the entire pulp inside the tooth is removed and filled with an inert material.

When is RCT Required?

When tooth decay occurs and is detected, a normal filling procedure is carried out .However, if this tooth decay is not detected, it progresses to deeper layers and finally reaching the pulp chamber. When the tooth decay reaches the Pulp chamber, there is no alternative but to perform a Root Canal Treatment. This is because, the infection in the pulp chamber must be removed else it will progress further.

An X-ray will be taken to examine your tooth and detect the presence of infection in the surrounding bone.

  1. The area surrounding the tooth is numbed using a local anesthetic which desensitizes the patient to any pain.
  2. The tooth to be worked upon is isolated by placing a rubber dam around it.
  3. The drill is employed to make an access hole to the pulp chamber and the pulp along with decayed tissue and debris is removed. The entire pulp chamber including the root canals is cleaned and disinfected.
  4. If the Root Canal Treatment is to be spread over multiple visits and some dentists prefer this, the empty pulp chamber is filled with disinfecting agent. This is covered by a temporary filling which is removed in subsequent visits and replaced by a permanent filling.
  5. The next step is filling of the pulp chamber with an inert material as the tooth is effectively dead. Gutta percha (along with Zinc Oxide eugenol) is generally used to fill the empty pulp chamber and root canals.
  6. A permanent filling (similar to the filling for treating cavities) is carried out on the tooth and a crown is placed over the tooth. A crown is required in most cases as the tooth becomes brittle due to absence of pulp.
  7. If your RCT procedure is spread over more than one appointment, minimize the chewing on the affected tooth till the procedure is entirely completed. This will prevent recontamination of the pulp chamber and will also reduce the risk of fracturing or damaging your tooth

What Is Scaling?

Scaling is a procedure for the removal of plaque and tartar (calculus) that gets attached to the surface of the teeth just beneath the gum. It is one of the most conventional methods used even today. Plaque is sticky matter that glues itself to the teeth, when this becomes hard it forms calculus.

What is Root Planing?

Root planning is a procedure in which the plaque, that still remains, is removed from the outer surface of the root

When Is This Procedure Used?

This procedure is used to do away with the bacteria that stick to the rough surface of plaque and calculus. It can be used by itself when calculus has just set in its initial phase (successful in treating patients with gingivitis) or can be used before surgery to clean up the gums when its in advanced stage (successful in treating patients with gum disease).
Removing tartar or calculus can be painful, the dentist may give you a local anesthetic to desensitize the nerves before removing it out.

Dental Bridges

Dental Bridge otherwise known as a Fixed Partial denture comes under a branch of dentistry known as Prosthodontics. The major function of the Dental Bridge is to fill the gap between teeth generated due to the missing of one or more teeth. Here, a bridge is created of two crowns for the teeth on each side of the gap and the gap itself is filled by a false tooth/teeth.
The two teeth on the either side of the false teeth play the anchoring role and are termed as abutment teeth. The false teeth are known as pontics in dental terms. These false teeth (Pontics) are made from the materials like alloys, gold, porcelain or with a combination of all the materials. The dental bridges can get the necessary support with the help of natural teeth or by implants.

Why Dental Bridges?

There is immense number of benefits you can avail of, while going in for dental bridges. The major advantage of these bridges is that with the help of them you can easily restore your smile as well as personality. It is a fact that you will certainly feel uncomfortable while biting food, even if one tooth is missing. If you are missing multiple teeth, it becomes quite difficult for everyday activities such as eating or speaking. This problem can easily be sought out, with the help of bridges.

Types of Bridges

There are three main types of bridges available, which you can choose from. One of them is the traditional bridge, which is the most common amongst all the available bridges. It is manufactured with the help of porcelain, which is normally fused with any metal or ceramics.
The next important type includes cantilever bridges. These kinds of bridges are used only in special cases. They are applied, when there is the presence of adjacent teeth on one side of the missing tooth or teeth.
The last major type of bridge includes Maryland bonded bridge. They are also known as resin-bonded bridge. These bridges are normally made from plastic teeth and gums and are supported with the help of a metal framework. There are metal wings present on each side of the bridge, which make a link with the existing teeth for it’s proper fixation with the socket.

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