Healthy teeth begin with a healthy foundation (Periodontium or Gum Line). Studies have suggested links between Periodontal Disease on the one hand and Cardiovascular Diseases, Diabetes and Pre-term Births on the other. Paying careful attention to Periodontal Health helps to stabilize diabetes and reduces the risk for Coronary Heart Disease.
At WONDER SMILE,
• We recommend regular appointments for Oral Prophylaxis (Cleaning and Polishing) and a good daily oral hygiene regime from a preventative standpoint.
• We offer many specialized treatments Bone Grafting and Gum Grafting Solutions for patients with excessive bone loss Laser Gum recontouring for patients with an uneven gum line Gum Grafting solutions for receding Gum Lines.
Why is gingivectomy and gingivoplasty done?
Though originally started as a treatment for periodontal diseases, nowadays these procedures are partly cosmetic also. Gum tissue removal may be required under the following two circumstances:
• Sometimes empty pockets develop between an individual’s gums and teeth. These spaces may become breeding ground for bacteria, and food particles may get stuck in them. The problem can be rectified by trimming of gums with gingivectomy.
• The problem can also be cosmetic with excess gum tissue marring the appearance. Extra gum tissue can also lead to non-cosmetic problems like speech impediments and chewing difficulties. The condition, which can sometimes be caused by medicines, will also make cleaning process a bit cumbersome.
Misshapen gums may result from genetic factors, due to some diseases, or could even be the result of some mental trauma. In either of these cases, gingivoplasty may be the answer for cosmetic relief. Gingivoplasty can be done by itself, or in combination with gingivectomy. Sometimes a gum graft is done to increase gum tissue. In such cases, gingivoplasty can be performed together with the graft.
Gingival Flap Surgery
What Is It?
Gingival flap surgery is a procedure in which the gums are separated from the teeth and folded back temporarily to allow a dentist to reach the root of the tooth and the bone.
What It’s Used For ?
Gingival flap surgery is used to treat gum disease (periodontitis). It may be recommended for people with moderate or advanced periodontitis, especially if the initial, non-surgical treatment (scaling and root planing) has not eliminated the gum infection. It may also be done in conjunction with another procedure known as osseous (bone) surgery.
How It’s Done ?
After numbing the area with a local anesthetic, the periodontist will use a scalpel to separate the gums from the teeth and then lift or fold them back in the form of a flap. This gives the periodontist direct access to the roots and bone supporting the teeth. Inflamed tissue is removed from between the teeth and from any holes (defects) in the bone. The periodontist will then do a procedure called scaling and root planing to clean plaque and tartar. If you have bone defects, your periodontist may eliminate them with a procedure called osseous recontouring, which smoothes the edges of the bone using files or rotating burs.
After these procedures are completed, the gums will be placed back against the teeth and anchored in place using stitches. Some periodontists use stitches that dissolve on their own, while others use stitches that have to be removed a week to 10 days after the surgery. Your periodontist may also cover the surgical site with an intraoral bandage known as a periodontal pack or dressing.